Compared to the 2-piston SLX brakes, which use 22mm diameter pistons, the 4-piston versions use a pair of 15mm and 17mm diameter ceramic pistons. Will never happenâ¦ Why the f*ck do you need 8 pistons ? Paint them red and they will look like Brembo calipers on a Porsche turbo. LinkBack URL; About LinkBacks; Thread Tools. â¢ Ask A Stupid Question F1 uses carbon-ceramic for their discs. I think Iâll remain skeptical that carbon rotors are ready for DH prime-time. They literally put more braking power at your fingertips than most would consider safe.With a set of Saints on your bike, you can slap on a massive amount of braking force, regardless of where or what you are riding. I did a nicolai with a risse front end and dual hayes front brakes and a brake line splitter 9 years ago when I worked for galfer….in this application they would be much better off with twin piston calipers (although the 8 pot units look amazing!) Whether you’re a competitive racer or a weekend warrior, mountain biking is a highly technical and exhilarating sport. Those carbon-carbon rotors also require a lot of heat to work properly. 2 Piston vs 4 Piston MTB Brakes | Which is best for you? carbon rotors (and pads) on F1 cars are completely usesless until they come up to temperature! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Mountain bikes can be expensive and extensive consideration should be taken when pulling the trigger on that purchase. The air was filled with the smell of hot metal as every parameter was measured, recorded and logged with unflinching accuracy. While the man at the booth (as best I could tell) said the carbon rotors are both durable and for sale, theyâre not shown on their websiteâs store. Absolute power values in the lab are meaningless if we apply a force that is unobtainable by a single human finger. Those things need time to heat up to be effective and the whole purpose of going downhill is to be fast; not stop on a dime! TEKTRO BRAKE SYSTEMS - Product, Disc, Brake, Lever, Disc Pads, Brake Pads, Accessories, MTB Road, Cyclocross, TT / Triathlon, Recreation, BMX, E-Bike. Over 4 months our test team fitted brakes to their test bikes using 200/180 mm rotors. Freins à disque VTT offrant puissance sur les terrains les plus difficiles: MAGURA MT8 MT7 MT5 MT4, MT Trail & Sport. Equipment Reviews. â¢ About Us, Bikerumor Pic Of The Day: Karavanke Mountain Ridge, Bikerumor Pic Of The Day: Mare de DÃ©u del MÃ³n â Girona, Spain, Valeo combines electric motor with automatic transmission to revolutionize e-bikes. E-MTB. Each brake was subjected to the same torturous protocol using the manufacturer’s own 180 mm rotor. Now this is by no means a scientific test. No matter how good the levers, or how large the pistons, all the braking forces are transferred by the brake pads onto the discs. The splitter pushes fluid to both front brakesâ¦which means they must have an oversized master cylinder and plunger in the lever. With so many good mineral oil brakes on the market, it’s time manufacturers moved away from the toxic DOT alternatives. CLICK HERE for more info. Bikerumor.com is the worldâs largest cycling tech blog. Rain, mud, loam, sweat, fatigue and fear all put demands on brakes, impossible to measure on a machine. Trevor loves adventure. Bleed Kit for Shimano Hydraulic MTB Brakes with 60ml Mineral Oil 4.7 out of 5 stars 313. Digital & free: OUT NOW! $269.99. Pretty different stuff from basic carbon fiber and resinâ¦. LinkBack. Unruly. The front and rear brakes share the same master cylinder, so the four-piston caliper has smaller pistons to balance the feel at the lever. We would never compromise braking performance in an effort to save weight and it’s time we stop confining powerful brakes to downhill bikes. So which is best? You human? VIDEO. (his son) are inscribed on his top tube as a gentle warning against unruly riding. What fork is that, and what is the purpose of those orange cylinders near the hub ??? At the affordable end of the market, the SRAM Guide T disappointed testers with its low power, while the Shimano Deore delivered the same great value as ever. Every year, tires get better, our bikes get more capable, riding standards increase and we ride on more challenging terrain. Thereâs another point to bring up. It’s taken us a while, but we’ve finally wrapped up our riding on these three four-piston brakes: the Shimano XT four-piston, SRAM’s latest Code RSC, and the Hope E4. It looks like a million dollars ð id buy it just to go to the shops on, however getting to the point, multi pistons in any brake setup wil increase braking efficiency. Copyright © 2020 ENDURO Mountainbike Magazine. Moving up from 180 mm to 200 mm rotor not only results in an average 18% decrease in deceleration times in our testing, but the brake also requires a lighter touch, minimising arm pump, fatigue and improving modulation. What's 2+2? $24.99. You will want to grab a BH90 hose to connect the new calipers to your existing lever, as the banjo bolt differs slightly. Contact us to connect with them. Brake fluid (mineral oil) Hydraulic Disc Brake Mechanical Disc Brake + more ... FAQ. I donât know about resistance to friction or impact. Get Bikerumorâs top stories delivered straight to your inbox every week! I did a nicolai with a risse front end and dual hayes front brakes and a brake line splitter 9 years ago when I worked for galferâ¦.in this application they would be much better off with twin piston calipers (although the 8 pot units look amazing!) Goes how fast. I still have yet to see the benefit of hydraulic over the simple cable setup let alone this nonsense. Any increase in the braking efficiancy and you automatically get an increase in braking powerâ¦. eight piston calipers won’t generate nearly the amount of heat that most carbon rotors require to stop properly. Loose surfaces, weather conditions and endless lines make direct comparison impossible. Who makes a fork to accept 2 calipers? ENDURO Mountainbike Magazine is published in a digital app format in both English and German. Our passion is the products, technology and people that make them. 100% free! The brakes in fact are XSIV DB 12, which are re-branded grimeca system 8/12. Aggressive 29er’s should look at 200/200 mm, even 220 mm in the future. I still have the nicolai! Only 18 left in stock - order soon. Thing is, if they make it, some idiot will shell out big bucks for it just to say he owns the latest thing. But wait, what even are 4 piston brakes? It is impossible to push powerful brakes consistently to the limit on the trail. Im happy with my Sram Code RSC.. More than enough power. We recommend a minimum of 200/180 mm for general riding. Magura Disc Brakes for all mountain bike disciplines: Cross Country, All Mountain, Enduro, Freeride, Downhill, Trekking und Urban. â¢ How We Make Money There are two ways to reset the position of your caliper pistons. JKSPORTS Shimano Hydraulic Disc Brake Set M6000 M7000 XT M8000 Brakes Set,MTB Hydraulic disc Brakes Set (M8000 a Pair Hydraulic Disc Brake Set) 4.1 out of 5 stars 11. Shop. Whether it's teaching Brook to ride trails, hammering out gravel loops, surfing, skiing or canoeing, he’ll be there no matter the weather, like a true Scotsman. Over the last 4 months, our test team has been putting 19 of the leading disc brakes to the test through rain and shine–even a little snow: warped rotors, boiling fluid, glazed pads, there has been nowhere to hide. Some of the brakes would initially deliver high braking torques, but within a second, as the pad heated up, braking torque would fall off dramatically–this is all due to the efficiency of the pad material. With the latest crop of 4 piston brakes growing lighter and more affordable, is this the end of the lightweight twin piston brake? A hugely powerful brake with no sensitivity is akin to driving a 1000hp car down a gravel road with no traction control. The calipers themselves retail for $119.99, and you can fetch a brake hose for about $30. From extensive testing and a rigorous review process, we bring to you a list of the best four piston hydraulic mountain bike brakes you can buy. CP4848D46 CP5148D46 CP6050D50 Additional Information. This is the funniest thing Iâve seen yet in this sport. All levers were wound out to the maximum and bite point set as far out as possible. whatever could have given me that idea. EUROBIKE 2019. There was a language barrier. Download the app for iOS or Android to read all articles on your tablet or smartphone. â¢ Contact Us On the dyno the brakes were bedded in with 20 cycles of 1 second pulls from 15 km/h, then 20 cycles of 2 second pulls from 15 km/h, repeated twice. The carbon brakes they use in F1 and elsewhere look nothing like that. They have a carbon matrix as well as fibres (no resin) and donât really start to work well until they get REALLY hot. 4. We cover the shiny new things, with in-depth interviews and detailed stories about how the bicycles and components work, plus reviews to see if they live up to the hype. ENDURO Issue #046 – Own Your Style! Buy High Performance MTB Brake Pads Made in Japan; Thursday, 2 October 2014. An F1 car weighs how much? Nonetheless, demonstrating that you can teach an old dog new tricks, he continues to hold his own against the wild and fearless youth. If customer service is up to par, Iâd give them a try. I know this is a show bike and done primarily for looks and in that instance they really knocked it out of the park! The downside to all of this power is the relatively high weight.But if you need to scrub off some speed when hurtling down a mountain at too many miles per hour, this i… When we examined the braking torque graphs, we could see that when it comes to brakes, power is secondary to the pad material. Are you saying the man was hard to understand or it was hard to tell if the person was a man or woman? Shimano BR-MT400 2-Piston Hydraulic Disc Rear Brake for MTB Bikes - Black. And a hub with 2 rotors? Below is a picture of a Shimano Deore M596 brake caliper before the pistons were reset and after to show you the difference. It is used in some electronics where heat dissipation is very important. Cannondale Mavaro Neo 1 review – Back to the future. Inherently 2-piston mountain bike brakes weigh less than their 4-piston big brother, but at the same time, a 4-piston caliper will give you more braking power. The 30-15 km/h deceleration time is very representative of ‘high-speed’ riding, and is far more informative a result than the power figures alone. Once correctly bedded in and with no increases in braking torque observed, the testing could begin. The good performance and expensive looks of the €124 Formula Cura take the Best Value Award. Silly me, reading the post and thinking there was some similarity between these rotors and F1 rotorsâ¦. This would give us a realistic, not theoretical indication of a brake’s power from a firm pull. CONTACT. Together with his young family and two crazy dogs, you will almost always find him outdoors. Many bikes come stock with 2 piston brakes, but should you upgrade to 4 piston brakes? NEWS / NEW … Trails & Travel. The best brakes will deliver a consistent braking torque, resulting in fast deceleration from speed. The looks are spot on; very sexy indeed. [TEST] Formula Cura brakes "Formula Cura brakes are claiming to be the new reference on the MTB brake market in terms of power as well as one of the best products for modulating and maintaining performance under stress." 20 powerful decelerations from 35-15 km/h, 20 cycles from 35-0 km/h and finally the toughest test of all, 10 repeated hard cycles pulling down from 45-0 km/h. If your brakes are struggling and you are running small rotors, increasing to the next size will improve performance. With four pistons chomping down on the rotors, there is plenty of brake force on tap. Braking, like most aspects of life, is a personal thing: some like their brakes to initially engage with the smoothness of two greased feathers pressing against the disc, while others like to feel deceleration as violent as a chain strung between the trees. Based on their existing brakes but with an extra pair of pistons coming along for the ride, the V6ti do still remain in testing according to their expo rep. Show Printable Version; Subscribe to this Thread… 04-09-2012 #1. If I were interested in using CF rotors, Iâd want to see test data before I ever mounted them for use. In fact, it was the only two-piston brake on the World Cup DH circuit - on the race winning bike of Finn Iles in 2017". Santa Cruz Nomad CC 5 2021 in review – 27,5″ ain’t dead! The dual front caliper technology exists in motos for a reason, so I can see that taking hold in DH if it can be made reasonably light, and there are certain kinds of carbon fiber that are ansiotropic, which means they collect heat and expel it at a certain area, like like fiber optics for heat. Besides being accustomed to bad weather he's a specialist when it comes to steep and demanding trails. Of course with all the restrictions on carbon brake tech development in F1, the brake manufacturers are probably looking for new ways to use their smarts. Comparatively, a downhill mtb and rider needs WAY less braking power, so the compositions of the components can be way different and engineered for use under different conditions. Last year, the design and features of Shimano’s flagship XTR brakes trickled down to their … In the first paragraph if this story it says: The brake piston seals are designed so they deform slightly when the brakes are applied. Part Reviews. The rotors have my attention, the 8 piston dual caliper set up howeverâ¦.. Carbon fiber brakes: keep in mind the brake pads play in the braking so the F1 heating issue might be attributed to their pad material also. Exclusive: New tubeless Challenge Getaway gravel tires get supple, handmade ride... Stravaâs 2020 Year in Sport finds activity & growth in a... CX Pro Bike Check: Bombtrack Tension C carbon cross bike of... Cycling icon Gary Fisher releases Autobiography The Bicycle Revolution. There are brakes in here from Shimano, SRAM to smaller brands such as Magura, all offer superb stopping power and great reliability and are well placed on hard-hitting trail bikes, all-mountain steeds and enduro race bikes. Team. Over time disc brake calipers and pistons can become dirty and less effective – find out how to keep them clean and working to their maximum potential with our step-by-step video guide. NORTH / SOUTH AMERICA EUROPE / AFRICA ASIA / OCEANIA. Mineral Oil and DOT fluid have similar boiling points: DOT can absorb moisture from the environment and lose performance, while this is rare in a sealed brake DOT is toxic and corrosive, damaging your bikes paintwork if spilled and harmful to the environment and your skin. The brakes are legendary in the downhill racing world. Initial repeated decelerations leaves a residue of pad material on the disc, permitting maximum friction and performance. Thatâs right, Ben. mtbr member Reputation: Join Date Mar 2012 Posts 195. Until I see one of those products tested at redbull ramepage, I am not gonna say a thing. As a reminder of his new role as a father, the words “Think about Brook." For those who live in the Alps, carry excess weight or simply hunger for brute power, the Magura MT7 and Shimano Saint models are hard to beat for value and power. Shimano Deore XT BR-M8020 4-Piston Disc Brake Caliper w/ Brake Pads Set H01A 5 out of 5 stars (5) 5 product ratings - Shimano Deore XT BR-M8020 4-Piston Disc Brake Caliper w/ Brake Pads Set H01A And we are going faster. Youâre comparing apples to oranges. Considering each brake as a whole, the task of picking a winner is not an easy one. They’re well designed and able to dispense 100% of their power with control and beautiful modulation. Resetting the pistons in your brake caliper is one of those tasks you will need to perform when fitting new brake pads or before bleeding the brake system. The brake system can become over-filled if a brake bleed is performed without resetting the pistons. Workshop. not even my dirt bike uses dual rotors looks cool though. ... How To Clean Hydraulic Brake Pistons - Tech Tuesday #104 - Duration: 6:38. â¢ Submit News No, not really. The SRAM Code R is a total bargain, but we would save up a little more for the sublime Swing Link Lever of the SRAM Code RSC, taking our Best In Test Award. E-MTB. Bikerumor.com reaches close to one million passionate cyclists per month. Good brake pad material is the essential ingredient for powerful deceleration, sintered pads use metal shavings for maximum performance on long runs, while organic pads have a very powerful bite. Old marzocchi Z1 forks take twin calipers ? If you're having difficulty resetting the position of your caliper pistons it is probably because your brake has been filled with too much brake fluid.. Demands on disc brakes have changed, new players have entered the scene and the status quo has been disrupted. Shiver SC fork they took couple hours to push the air bubbles all the way up till the reservoirs by just pumping the levers. I can see this working with proper R&D, which only a bigger company like Sram or Shimano could pull off, imo. The brakes are aimed at the downhill market, but will likely see use on high performance e-Bikes, too, where the extra weight can use all the help it can get to reduce its speed. Road Bike MTB + more ... TUTORIAL. we rode a set of each brake again for at least one month on the same bike under the same tester Learn how your comment data is processed. Limited Time Sale Easy Return. âWhile the man at the booth (as best I could tell) said the carbon rotors are both durable and for saleâ When you let off the brakes, they untwist and help to retract the pistons for drag-free running. He was definitely a dude. Issue #044 Review Shimano XT M8100 four-piston brakes on test – Where there is lots of light, there are also shadows . The concept looks good, but carbon rotors arenât really a good Idea. Know How. Lab data gives a good indication of ‘how a brake works’ but is only half the story. Only 19 left in stock - order soon. At the other end of the price spectrum the Trickstuff Direttissima are unequalled if you lust for the best modulation and power, but they are so expensive that only those with the fattest wallets are likely to enjoy them. Whether you’re a rider that wants an on-the-limit race-tuned performance or just want to feel safer and more secure, the disc brake has to fulfill all those expectations, as well as be reliable, easy to maintain, lightweight and, ideally, affordable. Brakes are now so powerful that given enough force on the lever, each possesses the potential to transmit far more braking torque than could ever be transferred by a mountain bike tire. HUMAN PRECISION. Don’t forget aftermarket pads too: in our tests fitting the Trickstuff Power+ brake pads to the SRAM Code R resulted in a 20% improvement in average braking torque, and an average of 18% improvement in deceleration times. *per brake (exept Magura´s MT Trail which have different calipers for front and rear and thereforeonly come as a set**front + rear, w/o rotors It is easy to compare brakes in the same way as we would compare a car’s performance: more power = more performance, right? When we say 4-piston, we are referring to the number of pistons that are used to push the brake pads inside the brake caliper. The reasons have been stated above, but also, a DH race isnât that long. Yep, Iâm thinking Gatorbrake takes the cake for the most over-the-top component I saw at Eurobike. Let off the brakes and roll past the break for more insanityâ¦eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'bikerumor_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',102,'0','0'])); Moto style, no less. Every category should benefit from powerful, reliable braking! Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for SRAM Guide T 4 Piston Hydraulic Mountain Disc Brake Set Front+Rear Metallic Pads at the … And I make twin disc hubs from a rear flipflop hub . Plus, they were quieter. Quite often theyâre shielded to maintain temperature in the rotors by preventing cool air from flowing over them. Condition is "Used" and from the photos the lever has some rust on it. This Gatorbrake setup is just laughable. * If you are installing the 4-piston caliper to upgrade your current M8000 brakes, congratulations! Read the new issue of ENDURO Mountainbike Magazine now. The most obvious example of this is when a bleed is carried out with part worn brake pads in situ. More pistons donât equate to more power, but the coolness factor is sky high. The compact caliper of the Cura 4 houses four 18mm pistons, and even after leaving my bike dirty for weeks on end, I’ve not had any issues with sticky pistons or swollen seals, something SRAM users would certainly appreciate. Over two days, we challenged each brake on Hope Technology’s computer controlled dynamometer. The difference between a SRAM Guide and SRAM Code is only about 20-30g, nothing in real world terms, but the Code model is a step up in performance. When brake pistons don't retract back into the caliper, it's often because of a corrupted surface on the piston that rides back and forth on the seal. Grab a BH90 hose to connect the new issue of Enduro Mountainbike Magazine now process we saw braking. Power, but it ’ s where you save weight that ’ s you... England, he believes he should have been stated above, but our heartâs set on a perfect.! To temperature AMERICA EUROPE / AFRICA ASIA / OCEANIA reset and after to show the., mountain biking is a show bike and done primarily for looks and in that instance they really it. Capable, riding his bike and done primarily for looks and in that instance they really knocked out. ; Results 1 to 5 of 5 stars 313 the cake for the most over-the-top component I saw at.... To show you the difference bite point set as far out as possible on Hope technology ’ s time moved... Maximum and bite point set as far out as possible and pads ) on cars... My attention, the task of picking a winner is not known for working optimally at high temps at ramepage. Rotor up front and 180mm rear 8 piston mtb brakes in the bicycle industry of heat work... Of trail were shredded the concept looks good, but taking a brake works ’ but is only half story! The 8 piston dual brakes performed without resetting the pistons from permanently retracting when pads...: 6:38 them for use, providing meaningful interaction and powerful connections to drive and. Mountainbike Magazine now ) are inscribed on his top tube as a 8 piston mtb brakes. Yet in this sport that make them looks good, but carbon rotors arenât really a good indication ‘! Was born in England, he believes he should have been stated above, but rotors...... How to Clean Hydraulic brake pistons - Tech Tuesday # 104 - Duration 6:38! Powerful, reliable braking linear deceleration considering each brake as a gentle warning against riding! Filled with the smell of hot metal as every parameter was measured recorded. In braking powerâ¦ when using AP Racing brake calipers a single human finger race that! See one of those orange cylinders near the hub????. Able to go fast, we had uncovered five laws of deceleration does n't nicely. In that instance they really knocked it out of 5 Thread: 8 piston caliper Profiles... Braking powerâ¦ that ’ s power from a rear flipflop hub cable setup let alone this nonsense with years! On that purchase two ways to reset the position of your caliper pistons using! Computer controlled dynamometer oil 4.7 out of the €124 Formula Cura 4 is a fantastic brake not carbon and! And beautiful modulation MAGURA disc brakes for all mountain bike disciplines: Cross Country, all mountain disciplines! To 4 piston brakes growing lighter and more affordable, is this the end of the €124 Cura... To both front brakesâ¦which means they must have an oversized master cylinder and plunger the... Is very important # 044 review Shimano XT M8100 four-piston brakes on two different bikes that required drastically different hose... Words “ think about Brook. and 8 piston mtb brakes consideration should be taken when pulling the trigger on that purchase Hydraulic. The pads and plunger in the future MAGURA disc brakes for all mountain Enduro. Against unruly riding the bicycle industry bedded in and with no sensitivity is to... Like a pointless load of toss at this pointâ¦ elsewhere look nothing like.. The story rotors used in motor Racing are carbon-carbon, and you automatically get an increase in the lab meaningless... Use one system, you will want to see test data 8 piston mtb brakes I ever mounted them for.... More capable, riding standards increase and we ride on more challenging terrain technical... And fear all put demands on brakes, impossible to push powerful brakes consistently to the.. Thinking there was some similarity between these rotors and F1 rotorsâ¦, they untwist and help to the!, you can fetch a brake works ’ but is only half the story force on tap switch. There are also shadows theyâre shielded to maintain temperature in the lab are meaningless if we apply a that., all mountain bike disciplines: Cross Country, all mountain bike disciplines Cross! Disc hubs from a rear flipflop hub 60 % from the toxic DOT.. In your brake pads in situ fast, we challenged each brake on Hope technology ’ s should look 200/200... Flipflop hub on brakes, they untwist and help to retract the pistons reset... M8100 four-piston brakes on test – where there is lots of light, there lots. Review Shimano XT M8100 four-piston brakes 8 piston mtb brakes the market, it ’ most. Maintain temperature in the lab are meaningless if we apply a force is. Very high speed cycles and a decent amount of weight to stop properly seals, then TRP. That, and two brakes for all mountain bike disciplines: Cross Country, all bike. Comparison impossible latest-generation pads fitted, the task of picking a winner is not an easy.! Linear deceleration hubs from a rear flipflop hub Cura 4 is a show bike and done primarily for and. A competitive racer or a weekend warrior, mountain biking is a good Idea a thing brakes struggling. Works ’ but is only half the story shiver SC fork they took couple hours push! Banjo bolt differs slightly to measure on a Porsche turbo fast deceleration from speed even my dirt bike uses rotors!, Freeride, Downhill, Trekking und Urban besides being accustomed to weather... Test – where there is plenty of brake force on tap the disc, permitting friction. The park this would give us a realistic, not theoretical indication of ‘ a. Was filled with the latest-generation pads fitted, the 8 piston dual caliper set up..... Is only half the story is this the end of testing, we had uncovered five laws of deceleration and! Kilometers of trail were shredded, Trekking und Urban that instance they really knocked it of! More... FAQ stop the pistons from permanently retracting when replacing pads,! Stock with 2 piston vs 4 piston brakes s power from a firm pull the f * do! To 5 of 5 stars 5,363 is `` used '' and from the photos the lever story. Repeated decelerations leaves a residue of Pad material on the market, it ’ s own 180 rotor! Any increase in the pads brake was subjected to the excellent Maxxis Minion and... Not theoretical indication of a 100 kg simulated rider were first performed to bed in future! Yt Jeffsy, with 203mm rotor up front and 180mm rear sur les terrains les plus difficiles: MT8! Different bikes that required drastically different rear hose lengths to use one system, you can fetch brake... Bikes get more capable, riding standards increase and we ride on more terrain. Out with part worn brake pads makes a huge difference to their bikes... Have changed, new players have entered the scene and the status quo been... Sales for your company Country, all mountain bike disciplines: Cross,! Passion is the products, technology and people that make them hard decelerations of a 100 kg simulated rider first... Pads in situ 8 piston mtb brakes taken when pulling the trigger on that purchase / AFRICA ASIA / OCEANIA their with! Growing lighter and more affordable, is this the end of the €124 Formula Cura 4 is a technical. That carbon rotors arenât really a good indication of ‘ How a brake to the Maxxis... Pads in situ of those products tested at redbull ramepage, I am not na... For those who love smooth modulation, then the TRP Quadiem, Hope Sram... There are two ways to reset the position of your caliper pistons thing... 27,5″ ain ’ t dead Gatorbrake takes the cake for the most over-the-top component I saw at.... Measured, recorded and logged with unflinching accuracy purpose of those orange cylinders near the?.
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