1. Children who come into a country as refugees should have the same rights as children who are born in that country. In the event that, within four months from the date of such communication, at least one third of the States Parties favour such a conference, the Secretary-General shall convene the conference under the auspices of the United Nations. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth . States Parties shall make their reports widely available to the public in their own countries. This text is supported by the Committee on the Rights of the Child. Recognizing that the United Nations has, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. States Parties shall use their best efforts to ensure recognition of the principle that both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child. Bearing in mind that, as indicated in the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, "the child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth". New laws should take into account the right of children and young people to have opinions in any and all areas of their lives. Children have the right to meet with other children and young people and to join groups and organisations, as long as this does not stop other people from enjoying their rights. Recalling the provisions of the Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally and Internationally; the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules); and the Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict, Recognizing that, in all countries in the world, there are children living in exceptionally difficult conditions, and that such children need special consideration. 5. Governments should respect the rights and responsibilities of families to guide their children so that, as they grow up, they learn to use their rights properly. 1 Freeman, M. (1996). If the laws of a particular country protects children better than the articles of the Convention, then those laws should override the Convention. Children’s Rights Alliance, Summary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child , July 2013 Article 9: Separation from parents The child has the right to live with his or her parents unless it is not deemed to be in his or her best interests; the child has the right to maintain contact with both parents if separated from one or both. 2. Recognizing the special needs of a disabled child, assistance extended in accordance with paragraph 2 of the present article shall be provided free of charge, whenever possible, taking into account the financial resources of the parents or others caring for the child, and shall be designed to ensure that the disabled child has effective access to and receives education, training, health care services, rehabilitation services, preparation for employment and recreation opportunities in a manner conducive to the child's achieving the fullest possible social integration and individual development, including his or her cultural and spiritual development. The Convention on the Rights of the Child explains who children are, all their rights, and the responsibilities of governments. Any amendment adopted by a majority of States Parties present and voting at the conference shall be submitted to the General Assembly for approval. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child's human dignity and in conformity with the present Convention. With the approval of the General Assembly, the members of the Committee established under the present Convention shall receive emoluments from United Nations resources on such terms and conditions as the Assembly may decide. Return to first footnote 6 referrer. Children have the right to learn and use the language and customs of their families, whether or not these are shared by the majority of the people in the country where they live, as long as this does not harm others. The Convention applies to everyone whatever their race, religion, abilities, whatever they think or say, whatever type of family they come from. To this end, States Parties shall promote the conclusion of bilateral or multilateral agreements or accession to existing agreements. The Committee may request from States Parties further information relevant to the implementation of the Convention. The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. acknowledges the primary role of parents and the family in the care and protection of children The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989. 1. Discipline in schools should respect children’s human dignity. States Parties recognize the important function performed by the mass media and shall ensure that the child has access to information and material from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual and moral well-being and physical and mental health. Article 4 Governments should make these rights available to children. States Parties recognize the right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts. 2. Wealthier countries should help poorer countries achieve this. The guide explains what each right means, why they are important and what States should do to guarantee them. 1. Governments should make the Convention known to all parents and children. States Parties undertake to ensure the child such protection and care as is necessary for his or her well-being, taking into account the rights and duties of his or her parents, legal guardians, or other individuals legally responsible for him or her, and, to this end, shall take all appropriate legislative and administrative measures. States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development. 2. Children who have any kind of disability should receive special care and support so that they can live a full and independent life. 3. 2. 12. a summary of the un convention on the rights of the child article 1 (definition of the child) Everyone under the age of 18 has all the rights in the Convention. The present Convention shall remain open for accession by any State. The present Convention shall be open for signature by all States. What is included The Convention sets out the rights of children, aged zero to 18 years, and the responsibilities of governments to ensure those rights. Convinced that the family, as the fundamental group of society and the natural environment for the growth and well-being of all its members and particularly children, should be afforded the necessary protection and assistance so that it can fully assume its responsibilities within the community. Children who break the law should not be treated cruelly. Reports made under the present article shall indicate factors and difficulties, if any, affecting the degree of fulfilment of the obligations under the present Convention. The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989. Summary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. 1. The present Convention is subject to ratification. Contained in this treaty is a profound idea: that children are not just objects who belong to their parents and for whom decisions are made, or adults in training. Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. The Committee may invite the specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund and other competent bodies as it may consider appropriate to provide expert advice on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their respective mandates. Russian | To this end, and having regard to the relevant provisions of international instruments, States Parties shall, in particular, ensure that: (a) No child shall be alleged as, be accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law by reason of acts or omissions that were not prohibited by national or international law at the time they were committed; (b) Every child alleged as or accused of having infringed the penal law has at least the following guarantees: (i) To be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law; (ii) To be informed promptly and directly of the charges against him or her, and, if appropriate, through his or her parents or legal guardians, and to have legal or other appropriate assistance in the preparation and presentation of his or her defence; (iii) To have the matter determined without delay by a competent, independent and impartial authority or judicial body in a fair hearing according to law, in the presence of legal or other appropriate assistance and, unless it is considered not to be in the best interest of the child, in particular, taking into account his or her age or situation, his or her parents or legal guardians; (iv) Not to be compelled to give testimony or to confess guilt; to examine or have examined adverse witnesses and to obtain the participation and examination of witnesses on his or her behalf under conditions of equality; (v) If considered to have infringed the penal law, to have this decision and any measures imposed in consequence thereof reviewed by a higher competent, independent and impartial authority or judicial body according to law; (vi) To have the free assistance of an interpreter if the child cannot understand or speak the language used; (vii) To have his or her privacy fully respected at all stages of the proceedings. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that children of working parents have the right to benefit from child-care services and facilities for which they are eligible. 1. 1. Article 3. Children who cannot be looked after by their own family must be looked after properly by people who respect their religion, culture and language. States Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life. Spanish. 1. In particular, where the person having financial responsibility for the child lives in a State different from that of the child, States Parties shall promote the accession to international agreements or the conclusion of such agreements, as well as the making of other appropriate arrangements. In recruiting among those persons who have attained the age of fifteen years but who have not attained the age of eighteen years, States Parties shall endeavour to give priority to those who are oldest. The benefits should, where appropriate, be granted, taking into account the resources and the circumstances of the child and persons having responsibility for the maintenance of the child, as well as any other consideration relevant to an application for benefits made by or on behalf of the child. Children have the right to relax, play and to join in a wide range of leisure activities. Children have the right to think and believe what they want and to practise their religion, as long as they are not stopping other people from enjoying their rights. Article 3 says that the best interests of children and young people should be thought about at all levels of society. New Zealand has made and still maintains the following reservations to the CRC: States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a child who is seeking refugee status or who is considered a refugee in accordance with applicable international or domestic law and procedures shall, whether unaccompanied or accompanied by his or her parents or by any other person, receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance in the enjoyment of applicable rights set forth in the present Convention and in other international human rights or humanitarian instruments to which the said States are Parties. For this purpose, the child shall in particular be provided the opportunity to be heard in any judicial and administrative proceedings affecting the child, either directly, or through a representative or an appropriate body, in a manner consistent with the procedural rules of national law. States Parties shall recognize for every child the right to benefit from social security, including social insurance, and shall take the necessary measures to achieve the full realization of this right in accordance with their national law. 1. Article 2. The UNCRC aims to protect and promote the rights of all children around the world. Governments should ensure that children survive and develop healthily. CRC/C/GC/12 at 11. States Parties shall further ensure that the submission of such a request shall entail no adverse consequences for the applicants and for the members of their family. States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child. Children were long treated as an object of law – as being without capacity and in need of protection – and were given no rights. 2. For the purpose of guaranteeing and promoting the rights set forth in the present Convention, States Parties shall render appropriate assistance to parents and legal guardians in the performance of their child-rearing responsibilities and shall ensure the development of institutions, facilities and services for the care of children. States Parties recognize the right of a child who has been placed by the competent authorities for the purposes of care, protection or treatment of his or her physical or mental health, to a periodic review of the treatment provided to the child and all other circumstances relevant to his or her placement. 2 Adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as contained in the annex to the present resolution. Abstract. Education should develop each child’s personality and talents to the full. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international treaty that recognizes the human rights or children, defined as persons up to the age of 18 years.It obligates States to ensure the rights to survival, development, protection and participation of all children without discrimination. The CRC acknowledges that every child is entitled to fundamental rights, and some of the most important rights are as follows: Right to life, survival and development. The States Parties to the present Convention. States Parties shall take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse, while in the care of parent(s), legal guardian(s) or any other person who has the care of the child. 1. The child has the right to express his or her views, obtain information and make ideas or information known, regardless of frontiers. Reports shall also contain sufficient information to provide the Committee with a comprehensive understanding of the implementation of the Convention in the country concerned. Governments should help parents by providing services to support them, especially if both parents work. Governments should take steps to stop children being taken out of their own country illegally. Find out more about our, United Nations convention on the rights of the child, Support the rights and wellbeing of every child, Stay up to date with UNICEF news, programs and appeals. Any State Party may propose an amendment and file it with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. States Parties shall take measures to combat the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad. For these purposes, States Parties shall in particular take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent: (a) The inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexual activity; (b) The exploitative use of children in prostitution or other unlawful sexual practices; (c) The exploitative use of children in pornographic performances and materials. 2. 3. Governments should protect children from sexual abuse. Children have the right to privacy. Article 2 (Non-discrimination): The Convention applies to all children, regardles… The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989. This article provides a commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989. States Parties recognize the right of every child to a standard of living adequate for the child's physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development. The UNCRC consists of 54 articles that set out children’s rights and how governments should work together to make them available to all children. as far as possible, the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents. 2. Everyone under 18 years of age has all the rights in this Convention. The amendment entered into force on 18 November 2002 when it had been accepted by a two-thirds majority of the States parties (128 out of 191). The Committee may invite the specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund, and other United Nations organs to submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their activities; (b) The Committee shall transmit, as it may consider appropriate, to the specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund and other competent bodies, any reports from States Parties that contain a request, or indicate a need, for technical advice or assistance, along with the Committee's observations and suggestions, if any, on these requests or indications; (c) The Committee may recommend to the General Assembly to request the Secretary-General to undertake on its behalf studies on specific issues relating to the rights of the child; (d) The Committee may make suggestions and general recommendations based on information received pursuant to articles 44 and 45 of the present Convention. Like the girl with a little curl right in the middle of her forehead, immortalized in rhyme by H.W. Children also have the right to know their parents and, as far as possible, to be cared for by them. Mass media such as television, radio and newspapers should provide information that children can understand and should not promote materials that could harm children. Article 5 confirms the importance of parents’ providing guidance and direction, respecting the child's evolving capacities, on how a child can exercise his or her rights defined by the convention. 1. They shall be eligible for re-election if renominated. Such recovery and reintegration shall take place in an environment which fosters the health, self-respect and dignity of the child. States Parties undertake to respect and to ensure respect for rules of international humanitarian law applicable to them in armed conflicts which are relevant to the child. 2. Guernsey and Alderney have signed up to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). 2. They made a promise to every child to protect and fulfil their rights, by adopting an international legal framework – the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is important to know the significance of these conventions, whether India has ratified it or not, etc. UNICEF Canada’s Rights Respecting Schools (RRS) initiative uses the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (the Convention) to make sure everyone feels included and respected. 4. 1. The original of the present Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as a “human being below the age of 18, unless national laws recognize an earlier age of majority”. An amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph 1 of the present article shall enter into force when it has been approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations and accepted by a two-thirds majority of States Parties. Convention Rights in Practice. The Committee shall submit to the General Assembly, through the Economic and Social Council, every two years, reports on its activities. Adults must do what’s best for me. As documented by UNICEF, the 54 articles included in the Convention address the following rights: Article 1 (Definition of the child): The Convention defines a ‘child’ as a person below the age of 18, unless the laws of a particular country set the legal age for adulthood younger. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has adopted an integrated and holistic approach to the rights of children. A child whose parents reside in different States shall have the right to maintain on a regular basis, save in exceptional circumstances personal relations and direct contacts with both parents. The Committee shall establish its own rules of procedure. Richer countries should help poorer countries achieve this. Prison sentences for children should only be used for the most serious offences. CRC/C/GC/12 at 11. Such suggestions and general recommendations shall be transmitted to any State Party concerned and reported to the General Assembly, together with comments, if any, from States Parties. 1. Rights of the Child. They should not be put in a prison with adults and should be able to keep in contact with their family. In order to foster the effective implementation of the Convention and to encourage international co-operation in the field covered by the Convention: (a) The specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund, and other United Nations organs shall be entitled to be represented at the consideration of the implementation of such provisions of the present Convention as fall within the scope of their mandate. Article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child states: Article 12. The Secretary-General shall subsequently prepare a list in alphabetical order of all persons thus nominated, indicating States Parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties to the present Convention. The Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as a “human being below the age of 18, unless national laws recognize an earlier age of majority”. Such notification shall take effect on the date on which it is received by the Secretary-General. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has adopted an integrated and holistic approach to the rights of children. In cases where no parents or other members of the family can be found, the child shall be accorded the same protection as any other child permanently or temporarily deprived of his or her family environment for any reason , as set forth in the present Convention. It provides a short outline of the 54 Articles. Despite being the most widely adopted human rights treaty … Primary education should be free. A State Party which has submitted a comprehensive initial report to the Committee need not, in its subsequent reports submitted in accordance with paragraph 1 (b) of the present article, repeat basic information previously provided. It entered into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49. Bearing in mind that the need to extend particular care to the child has been stated in the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child of 1924 and in the Declaration of the Rights of the Child adopted by the General Assembly on 20 November 1959 and recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (in particular in articles 23 and 24), in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (in particular in article 10) and in the statutes and relevant instruments of specialized agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of children. 1. States Parties shall respect and promote the right of the child to participate fully in cultural and artistic life and shall encourage the provision of appropriate and equal opportunities for cultural, artistic, recreational and leisure activity. Where a child is illegally deprived of some or all of the elements of his or her identity, States Parties shall provide appropriate assistance and protection, with a view to re-establishing speedily his or her identity. 1. (a) Encourage the mass media to disseminate information and material of social and cultural benefit to the child and in accordance with the spirit of article 29; (b) Encourage international co-operation in the production, exchange and dissemination of such information and material from a diversity of cultural, national and international sources; (c) Encourage the production and dissemination of children's books; (d) Encourage the mass media to have particular regard to the linguistic needs of the child who belongs to a minority group or who is indigenous; (e) Encourage the development of appropriate guidelines for the protection of the child from information and material injurious to his or her well-being, bearing in mind the provisions of articles 13 and 18. All organisations concerned with children should work towards what is best for each child. 11. child rights connect. Parents or, as the case may be, legal guardians, have the primary responsibility for the upbringing and development of the child. When considering solutions, due regard shall be paid to the desirability of continuity in a child's upbringing and to the child's ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background. The law should protect them from attacks against their way of life, their good name, their family and their home. Parents should guide children on these matters. The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is a problem child of international human rights law. Ratifizierung durch ein Mitgliedsland, in Kraft. States Parties shall respect and ensure the rights set forth in the present Convention to each child within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status. Rights” are things every child should have or be able to do. article 2(non-discrimination) The Convention applies to every child without discrimination, whatever their ethnicity, gender, religion, language, abilities or any other status, whatever they think or say, whatever their family background. Reservations may be withdrawn at any time by notification to that effect addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall then inform all States. 12 (2009): The right of the child to be heard, UN Doc. 2. Both the United Nations Human Rights Council and the General Assembly of the United Nations have adopted resolutions on the rights of the child.. 1. The present Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the date of deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession. States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child, the views of the child being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child. Such care could include, inter alia, foster placement, kafalah of Islamic law, adoption or if necessary placement in suitable institutions for the care of children. 3. At those meetings, for which two thirds of States Parties shall constitute a quorum, the persons elected to the Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States Parties present and voting.

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